Why is it included in the end and not within the main body of the paper? Because it contains the extra information, it may not be useful to the entire audience or the time and space may not allow you to include in the main body. It supports the important points in your paper, but not everybody would be interested in reading that extra information.
So including it in the main body would make it irrelevant when it is not useful for everybody. It is also used in Powerpoint presentations and the same placement and referencing rules are applied in this type of work too. But you will have options to hide or show in particular.
For example, if you want to provide your presentation in a PDF format or in a printed handout, you may hide the appendix if needed. What can you include in an appendix? Texts or paragraph Examples with images, photographs, and illustrations Drawings, diagrams, and maps Links to websites List of suggested reading Note that you should include only those details in the appendix that you are going link as references in the main body of your writing.
Any information that is not relevant or not supporting the points of your main writing should not be included in the appendix. It can be any information that is relevant useful to understand the points in your paper and support the results or facts.
You can include the calculations and statistical information as raw data when they are useful in extending the points being discussed in your paper. Include Supporting Charts, Graphs and Images All visual supporting papers including images, maps, charts, drawing, graphics and photographs need to be presented in your appendices.
You can include charts and graphs that you have created specifically for the appendices or can refer to another source for such details. Keep a straightforward structure for all supporting maps, graphs and images. Read also: Buy Essay in the UK and Be Confident in Academic Performance Mention Research Instruments Never forget to note research instruments that you have used throughout the research work, meaning tools like tape recorder, video camera or any other device.
Include Surveys or Interview Transcripts Interviews and surveys are an important part of the overall layout. So always make sure to add all the surveys and interview transcripts conducted as part of research. The transcript being added should include all questions and answers. Feel free to include stuff like photocopies of hand-written surveys for a better impression.
How to Format an Appendix? Naming an Appendix Create appendices formats in such a way that it offers easy readability to readers.
Make a clear title on top of a page. You can keep using the same font and font size that you used for the chapter, report or essay. Create a consistent order f your document has more than one appendices.
You can order them by number or letter. For instance, you can use A,B,C etc. Otto O. New York: Kluwer Academic, , pp. Structure and Writing Style I. General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results.
Another option if you have a large amount of raw data is to consider placing it online and note that this is the appendix to your research paper.
Any tables and figures included in the appendix should be numbered as a separate sequence from the main paper. Remember that appendices contain non-essential information that, if removed, would not diminish a reader's ability to understand the research problem being investigated. This is why non-textual elements should not carry over the sequential numbering of non-textual elements in the body of your paper.
If you have more than three appendices, consider listing them on a separate page at the beginning of your paper. This will help the reader know what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. The appendix can be a good place to put maps, photographs, diagrams, and other images, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand the content of your paper, while keeping in mind the study should be understood without them.
An appendix should be streamlined and not loaded with a lot information. If you have a very long and complex appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into separate appendices, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly as the information is covered in the body of the paper.
All appendices should be summarized in your paper where it is relevant to the content. Appendices should also be arranged sequentially by the order they were first referenced in the text [i.
There are very few rules regarding what type of material can be included in an appendix, but here are some common examples: Correspondence -- if your research included collaborations with others or outreach to others, then correspondence in the form of letters, memorandums, or copies of emails from those you interacted with could be included.
Interview Transcripts -- in qualitative research, interviewing respondents is often used to gather information. The full transcript from an interview is important so the reader can read the entire dialog between researcher and respondent.
Start every appendix on a new page if you have many of these. What Is an Appendix? All rights reserved. A literary appendix, just like its human body counterpart, includes supplementary information, which is not strictly compulsory to the main body of the document. You can include the calculations and statistical information as raw data when they are useful in extending the points being discussed in your paper. The format of an appendix Like most of the writing assignments, the appendix also has some formatting conventions to be followed.
The transcript being added should include all questions and answers.
Purdue University. This can include and reference section for students, summary of raw data or additional details on techniques behind the work. The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on. Structure and Writing Style I. There are very few rules regarding what type of material can be included in an appendix, but here are some common examples: Correspondence -- if your research included collaborations with others or outreach to others, then correspondence in the form of letters, memorandums, or copies of emails from those you interacted with could be included. Each appendix must be labeled with a letter A, B, C, etc.
Format Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices. For readers that do access the appendix, information for further exploration of the topic or detailed analysis of procedures or other related information should be easily accessible. Day, and Douglas B. This is because information given there might not separated in a useful way or in accordance with the details discuss earlier. New York: St.
Preparing to write an appendix An appendix is an addition to the main text, but this does not mean that it serves as a repository for essential information that cannot be conveniently placed within the main text. A sample appendix is below. Collecting all the relevant content for the appendices is key to get your job done in a simple way.
Any information that is not relevant or not supporting the points of your main writing should not be included in the appendix. You will reference them in the main content which will provide an option for those who want to check them for more information. It is appropriate to include appendices for the following reasons: Including this material in the body of the paper that would render it poorly structured or interrupt the narrative flow; Information is too lengthy and detailed to be easily summarized in the body of the paper; Inclusion of helpful, supporting, or useful material would otherwise distract the reader from the main content of the paper; Provides relevant information or data that is more easily understood or analyzed in a self-contained section of the paper; Can be used when there are constraints placed on the length of your paper; and, Provides a place to further demonstrate your understanding of the research problem by giving additional details about a new or innovative method, technical details, or design protocols. The heading should be "Appendix," followed by a letter or number [e.
In the reference list or bibliography at the end of the essaydocument.
A writer can include all supportive materials in appendices without creating any awkward situation for its readers. Instruments used Your readers will find it useful if you mention the information regarding the instruments used in your research.
Be sure to explain all abbreviations except standard abbreviations such as M, SD, and df.
Appendices can include many things depending on your topic.