Twelve Steps to Writing an Effective Conclusion. San Francisco Edit, ; Conclusions. Structure and Writing Style I. General Rules The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument.
It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument s and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument s. Do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, or a gap found in the literature.
Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings. This reduces the impact of the argument s you have developed in your essay. When writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules: State your conclusions in clear, simple language.
Re-state the purpose of your study then state how your findings differ or support those of other studies and why [i. Do not simply reiterate your results or the discussion of your results. Provide a synthesis of arguments presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem and the overall objectives of your study Indicate opportunities for future research if you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper.
Highlighting the need for further research provides the reader with evidence that you have an in-depth awareness of the research problem. Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is presented well: If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader.
If, prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance. Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from the data.
The conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may contain your reflections on the evidence presented, or on the essay's central research problem. However, the nature of being introspective about the research you have done will depend on the topic and whether your professor wants you to express your observations in this way.
NOTE: If asked to think introspectively about the topics, do not delve into idle speculation. Being introspective means looking within yourself as an author to try and understand an issue more deeply, not to guess at possible outcomes or make up scenarios not supported by evidence.
Developing a Compelling Conclusion Although an effective conclusion needs to be clear and succinct, it does not need to be written passively or lack a compelling narrative. Strategies to help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your research paper may include any of the following strategies: If your essay deals with a contemporary problem, warn readers of the possible consequences of not attending to the problem. Recommend a specific course or courses of action that, if adopted, could address a specific problem in practice or in the development of new knowledge.
Cite a relevant quotation or expert opinion already noted in your paper in order to lend authority to the conclusion you have reached [a good place to look is research from your literature review].
Explain the consequences of your research in a way that elicits action or demonstrates urgency in seeking change. Restate a key statistic, fact, or visual image to emphasize the ultimate point of your paper.
If your discipline encourages personal reflection, illustrate your concluding point with a relevant narrative drawn from your own life experiences. Return to an anecdote, an example, or a quotation that you presented in your introduction, but add further insight derived from the findings of your study; use your interpretation of results to recast it in new or important ways. Provide a "take-home" message in the form of a strong, succinct statement that you want the reader to remember about your study.
The conclusion provides a forum for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your thesis given the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may also contain a reflection on the evidence presented, or on the essay's thesis.
The nature of the reflection will depend on your topic Woodward-Kron, but questions such as these may be considered: What is the significance of your findings?
What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field? Are their any limitations to your approach? Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay? Why do it? A conclusion is like the final chord in a song. It makes the listener feel that the piece is complete and well done.
The same is true for your audience. You want them to feel that you supported what you stated in your thesis.Some name the process of thesis writing, others mention essay hooks and writing conclusion outline, but our reader Emily has knocked spots off them all when asked to share tips on meaning essay conclusions! Our writers know it firsthand, so they give consent graciously to share expert tips on creating strong conclusions for college papers. Keep on reading to master this craft once and for all. Why do you paul veyne writing history paper essay conclusions? A conclusion provides closure and drives main points of essay essay one last time.
Wadsworth, Strategies for Concluding an Essay "Although there are no set formulas for closing, the following list presents several options: X.
Failure to comment on larger, more significant issues In the introduction, your task was to move from the general [the field of study] to the specific [the research problem]. However, you should have enough synonyms and related words that can make your finishing lines more attractive. University College Writing Centre. It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument s and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument s. But this sort of ending is also a kind of dying fall. Ending paragraph should have precise information.
Don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "This is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches that
Yet, despite this belief and the many obstacles blocking the path to unification such as differences and suspicion between the many regions of the peninsula, the lack of planning and common goals that saw many uprisings fail and the divergent views and politics amongst the men who fought for unity, the Piedmont region emerged " And how I get there is God's grace. College Writing Center at Meramec. Don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "This is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches that So, with our own experiences and from those put forward in the story, we can draw a logical conclusion that we should be careful about those people whom we trust.
Avoid phrases like "in conclusion The conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay? The same is true for your audience.