Effective writing and publishing scientific papers part vision
E-mail: moc. This article has how to write a 300 word essay cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Publishing manuscripts is the only way by which scientists communicate with each other. In recent times, there is an increasing desire papers publish manuscripts publishing the developing world for a variety of reasons. Effective, performing a research part is challenging in itself, and it for publication is the scientific frontier that can be writing, especially vision the novice.
However, in order for the full impact of research to be achieved and and have any effect on the wider research and scientific community, it must be published in publishing accessible outlet. Undertaking and performing scientific, clinical and practice-based research is only the effective of the scholarship of discovery writing. For the full impact papers any research to be achieved and to have an effect on the wider research and scientific community, it must be published in an outlet accessible to relevant professionals . Scientific research is part published in peer-reviewed journals. Vision review is defined as the unbiased, scientific, critical assessment of scholarly or research manuscripts submitted to journals by experts or opinion leaders . The process and requirements of reviewers has been covered recently .
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We hope that by following this approach, potential researchers and practicing ophthalmologists will develop the skill and aptitude for medical writing, and that the developing world shall do justice to its tremendous intellectual capital by making meaningful contributions to global scientific literature. Ophthalmology , which generally make the manuscript fairly admissible to lower-ranked journals. Let us discuss salient features of each subheading. References 1. If your study does not fit a particular definition you may describe the key design components, e. Always present measures of central tendency together with their appropriate measures of variability: Mean standard deviation or median interquartile range.
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Useful Links. Revising your article prior to submission Once a draft research article has been prepared, it should be shared among all of the co-authors for review and comments. The questions addressed by the study can be used alongside the results to formulate the introduction, which can guide how the discussion is written . Author guidelines now include sections related to misconduct and falsification of data .
A good research question should specify the population of interest, be of interest to the scientific community and potentially to the public, have clinical relevance and further current knowledge in the field. Acad Emerg Med. Preintervention analyses of the baseline parameters are essential to determine whether the groups were comparable and rule out selection bias that may influence the outcomes.
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We hope that by following this approach, potential researchers and practicing ophthalmologists will develop the skill and aptitude for medical writing, and that the developing world shall do justice to its tremendous intellectual capital by making meaningful contributions to global scientific literature. Dixon N. Authorship Issues over authorship should be settled as early as possible. While presenting results of regression analysis, it is prudent to present data from the univariate analysis first. Table 1 shows an outline of the points that must be covered in the methods section.
The statistical analysis performed should also be included and specific statistical data should be indicated e. Useful Links. The information in tables should be only summarized, and not reiterated in this section.
Selecting a journal and submitting your manuscript It is important to select a journal for submission wisely because this choice can determine the impact and dissemination of your work . Table 2 Outline for writing the results section Demographics and preintervention analyses It is good practice to first describe the study population in terms of the number of patients recruited, their demographics and parameters measured in a tabular format. Prerequisites Before embarking on the task of writing, one needs to carefully consider the following prerequisites that make the manuscript better.
Methods The purpose of writing the methods section is to enable another scientist to reproduce the study again and compare the results. A caveat is to differentiate the introduction from the discussion section. Most experts strongly advise against the use of pie charts or bar diagrams to present the results. Authors should also take care to distinguish prespecified from exploratory analyses, including subgroup analyses .
Discussion and conclusions The discussion section should state the main findings of the study. Who wrote this paper. Like surgical and diagnostic skills, writing a research paper for publication is an art that takes considerable time and effort to master. Try and keep this to a maximum of two sentences which can be verbally quoted by the reader. Moos DD.
A full revision of the draft should then take place to correct grammar and check flow and logic before journal submission. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part III: Introduction. Finally, omit certain redundancies that are not important for the study, especially when it is one of the many papers from a larger study. Bowling AM. This is the only way scientists communicate with each other and gives the authors credit for the work they have done.
Results The results of the study should be presented in a concise manner. Most journals do not require ethical clearance for a retrospective study. It is easier to write the methods and the results sections before the introduction and discussion. One approach is to start with the methods section, which can be derived from the protocol and any pilot phase. Randomization generates the highest level of evidence in prospective, comparative studies. By participating in self-archiving practices and providing full data sets, authors can play their part in transparency.