Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important. As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research. So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem. Here are some examples: A paper on controlling malaria by preventive measures, can mention the number of people affected, the number of person-hours lost, or the cost of treating the disease.
A paper on developing crops that require little water can mention the frequency of severe droughts or the decrease in crop production because of droughts. A paper on more efficient methods of public transport can mention the extent of air pollution due to exhausts from cars and two-wheelers or the shrinking ratio between the number of automobiles and road length. Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on.
This approach emphasizes the positive. Explain such information at the very beginning, in your introduction. Introduce your topic In case your paper is devoted to social science or humanities, you have an opportunity to use some creative methods. For example, you can introduce your topic through an anecdote or quotation.
Note that its main purpose is to announce the topic. You can write a short story from your life that illustrates your topic. Include a literature review It depends on the length of your research paper, but most often, you have to include the literature review. Your readers must familiarize with sources devoted to your topic.
Literature reviews also allow you to demonstrate your good preparation and perfect knowledge of the area. To check if you have created a debatable thesis statement for the research paper, you must figure out whether it is debatable.
It means that you must make reader argue either for or against this statement. It is a general truth. There is no point to argue with that fact. London: Sage, , pp. Demystifying the Journal Article. Inside Higher Education. Structure and Writing Style I. Structure and Approach The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader: What is this? Why should I read it?
Think of the structure of the introduction as an inverted triangle of information that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem. Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal.
These are general phases associated with writing an introduction: 1. Place your research within the research niche by: Stating the intent of your study, Outlining the key characteristics of your study, Describing important results, and Giving a brief overview of the structure of the paper.
This is appropriate because outcomes are unknown until you've completed the study. After you complete writing the body of the paper, go back and review introductory descriptions of the structure of the paper, the method of data gathering, the reporting and analysis of results, and the conclusion.
Reviewing and, if necessary, rewriting the introduction ensures that it correctly matches the overall structure of your final paper. Delimitations of the Study Delimitations refer to those characteristics that limit the scope and define the conceptual boundaries of your research. This is determined by the conscious exclusionary and inclusionary decisions you make about how to investigate the research problem. In other words, not only should you tell the reader what it is you are studying and why, but you must also acknowledge why you rejected alternative approaches that could have been used to examine the topic.
Obviously, the first limiting step was the choice of research problem itself. However, implicit are other, related problems that could have been chosen but were rejected. These should be noted in the conclusion of your introduction. For example, a delimitating statement could read, "Although many factors can be understood to impact the likelihood young people will vote, this study will focus on socioeconomic factors related to the need to work full-time while in school.
During the experiment, we will see whether someone can continue administering painful electric shocks that harm another person simply because he or she is told to do so. It is expected that very few will continue and that most of the participants will not obey the order. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening clause that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success.
How to create flawless intros for your research papers? The tips and examples provided in this article should help you deal with this assignment fast and easily and avoid common mistakes.
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However, a provocative question can be presented in the beginning of your introduction that challenges an existing assumption or compels the reader to consider an alternative viewpoint that helps establish the significance of your study. However, anyone can look a word up in the dictionary and a general dictionary is not a particularly authoritative source because it doesn't take into account the context of your topic and doesn't offer particularly detailed information. Cite a stirring example or case study that illustrates why the research problem is important. All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper.
Focus on the value of your research paper, its strong sides, and uniqueness. Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal. Therefore, one of the goals of your introduction is to make readers want to read your paper.