These issues might ask for a summary of arguments towards some particular point of view or the opinion towards the subject. Always read through the questions carefully. If it is a test, you might lose marks if you answer the wrong question. Developing a discussion essay Step 1 Select the appropriate topic for the essay. The topic needs to be one that interests you. You are expected to discuss all the sides of the issues that surround the essay.
Intense research with appropriate evidence will help a great deal by providing pertinent information for the essay. Step 2 The outline of the discussion essay should be made using a pen and paper. The primary goal at this point involves getting the thoughts on the topic organized in writing.
A detailed outline could be written for the discussion essay using the formal traditional outline and numbers, which separates the main points. Another way, of coming up with the outline, involves jotting down the main points of discussion which you want to cover in the body. Step 3 Focus to write the essay in the following way. The objectives in the introduction of the assignment are to have all issues relating to the topic introduced.
The introduction also offers the reader with vital background information. Knowing how to write a discussion paper will help you to get the best results. Now after you have gathered the info concerning your work you are welcomed to make an outline of the dissertation paper where you organize your ideas and thoughts. The author needs write a thesis statement of a discussion paper in such a way that the reader realizes about what is your work.
In the introduction of your discussion paper you are obliged to inform the reader about what you will be writing. Remember that your main aim is to catch the attention of the audience that is why there should be some interesting and thrilling sentences in your work. At some particular point, it will appear to you that no topic can be restricted to just two opposing arguments.
Do not be afraid: you probably just need to try other forms of writing, and not discover the absolute truth on how to write a discussion paper. Try to focus on logical arguments or questions that are controversial and you will find out necessary key points.
Make sure to respect deadline and finish your researching beforehand. Frequently, the research step takes so much time that the closing submission date seems not relevant. The overall material, in this case, seems too complicated to be organized in your discussion paper structure.
There is a general advice for you on how to write a discussion paper: stop where the questions you asked start to feel like they were already answered previously. Or even better tip: make sure to stop when you have at least three days before the submission date. Common mistakes: grammar, boring plot, irrelevant thesis , weak or unclear supporting points. Your counterarguments should always match what you claim.
Mind the problem of credibility of your sources. The first-hand evidence is always the best one. Also, take into consideration that research is more reliable than creative writing. These are more or less the most general tips on how to write a discussion paper. However the suitability of the title to the agenda of the target journal should be investigated beforehand. Do we have to get a pre-peer review about the written manuscript? Before submission of the manuscript to the target journal the opinions of internal, and external referees should be taken.
Expert internal reviewers have a profound knowledge about the subject, and they can provide guidance about the writing process of the manuscript ie. External referees are our colleagues who did not contribute to data collection of our study in any way, but we can request their opinions about the subject matter of the manuscript.
Since they are unrelated both to the author s , and subject matter of the manuscript, these referees can review our manuscript more objectively. Before sending the manuscript to internal, and external referees, we should contact with them, and ask them if they have time to review our manuscript. We should also give information about our subject matter. Otherwise pre-peer review process can delay publication of the manuscript, and decrease motivation of the authors.
In conclusion, whoever the preferred referee will be, these internal, and external referees should respond the following questions objectively. In line with the opinions of the referees, the manuscript can be critically reviewed, and perfected. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process. What are the common mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript? Probably the most important mistakes made related to the writing process of a manuscript include lack of a clear message of the manuscript, inclusion of more than one main idea in the same text or provision of numerous unrelated results at the same time so as to reinforce the assertions of the manuscript.
If you always get clear-cut answers whenever you ask this question, then the study is proceeding towards the right direction. Besides application of a template which contains the intended clear-cut messages to be followed will contribute to the communication of net messages. One of the important mistakes is refraining from critical review of the manuscript as a whole after completion of the writing process. Therefore, the authors should go over the manuscript for at least three times after finalization of the manuscript based on joint decision.
The first control should concentrate on the evaluation of the appropriateness of the logic of the manuscript, and its organization, and whether desired messages have been delivered or not. Secondly, syutax, and grammar of the manuscript should be controlled. It is appropriate to review the manuscript for the third time 1 or 2 weeks after completion of its writing process.
Other erroneous issues consist of superfluousness of the manuscript with unnecessary repetitions, undue, and recurrent references to the problems adressed in the manuscript or their solution methods, overcriticizing or overpraising other studies, and use of a pompous literary language overlooking the main objective of sharing information.Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of write was already known discussion the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions azizulhind online paper writing hypotheses you posed and the literature how reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study example the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. Introduction, Thomas M. If appropriate, the discussion paper is also where you state how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described, and Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective essay writing strategies powerpoint of information. Annesley Thomas M.
One of the important mistakes is refraining from critical review of the manuscript as a whole after completion of the writing process. Perhaps a quotation from a source reading might prove better? The aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript. However longer time periods spent in order to concentrate on the subject matter can be boring, and lead to loss of motivation. Generally, after completion of the study, it is very difficult to solve the problems which might be discerned during the writing process. Since they are unrelated both to the author s , and subject matter of the manuscript, these referees can review our manuscript more objectively.
The introductory paragraph contains the main idea of performing the study in question. We should also give information about our subject matter. During this procedure, inevitably some issues which concerns general concept of manuscript writing process are dealt with. Step 4 Body of the essay can be written with the help of the research sources collected. Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid.