You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial s , and last name.
Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Some teachers and professors do not require a title page, but some do. Here are key guidelines to developing your title page: The title of the paper should capture the main idea of the essay, but should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
The title should be centered on the page and typed in point, Times New Roman font. Do not underline, bold, or italicize the title. Your title may take up one or two lines, but should not be more than 12 words in length. All text on the title page should be double-spaced. The APA format examples paper below displays proper spacing, so go take a look!
The institutional affiliation is the school the author attends or the location where the author conducted the research. Sample of an APA format title page: 5. To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add these components onto each page. Insert page numbers justified to the right-hand side of the APA format paper do not put p. If your title is long over 50 characters , this running head title should be a shortened version of the title of your entire paper.
The header should look like this on the other pages: 6. Preparing outlines Outlines are extremely beneficial as they help writers stay organized, determine the scope of the research that needs to be included, and establish headings and subheadings. It is up to the writer if they choose to make use of an outline to determine how to organize it and the characters to include.
Some writers use a mix of roman numerals, numbers, and uppercase and lowercase letters. We promise you, an outline will help you stay on track. How to form an abstract An APA format abstract is a summary of a scholarly article or scientific study. You may come across abstracts while researching a topic. Many databases display abstracts in the search results and often display them before showing the full text of an article or scientific study.
It is important to create a high quality abstract that accurately communicates the purpose and goal of your paper, as readers will determine if it is worthy to continue reading or not. Are you wondering if you need to create an abstract for your assignment?
You might not have to. Here are some helpful suggestions to create a dynamic abstract: Abstracts are found on their own page, directly after the title or cover page. Include the running head on the top of the page. On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew.
Use concise, brief, informative language. You only have a few sentences to share the summary of your entire document, so be direct with your wording. This summary should not be indented, but should be double-spaced and less than words. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary. To do this, indent and type Keywords: in italics. Then list your keywords that stand out in your research. You can also include keyword strings that you think readers will type into the search box.
Use an active voice, not a passive voice. When writing with an active voice, the subject performs the action. When writing with a passive voice, the subject receives the action. Active voice: The subjects reacted to the medication. Passive voice: There was a reaction from the subjects taking the medication. Instead of evaluating your project in the abstract, simply report what it contains. The body of most scientific papers On the page after the abstract, begin with the body of the paper.
Most scientific papers follow this format: Start with the Running head. The running head on the abstract page differs from the running head on the title page.
Also include the page number. The abstract page should be page 2. On the next line write the title. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title. Begin with the introduction and indent the first line of the paragraph. The introduction presents the problem and premise upon which the research was based.
It goes into more detail about this problem than the abstract. Begin a new section with the Method and use this word as the subtitle. Bold and center this subtitle. The Method section shows how the study was run and conducted. Be sure to describe the methods through which data was collected. Begin a new section with the Results. The Results section summarizes your data. Use charts and graphs to display this data. Begin a new section with the Discussion.
This Discussion section is a chance to analyze and interpret your results. Draw conclusions and support how your data led to these conclusions. Discuss whether or not your hypothesis was confirmed or not supported by your results. Determine the limitations of the study and next steps to improve research for future studies. Try our automatic generator and watch how we create APA citation format references for you in just a few clicks.
In addition, headings provide readers with a glimpse to the main idea, or content, they are about to read.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Goneril and regan essay help see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
Do not indent. Bold and center this subtitle. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Use charts and graphs to display this data. Level 5: Should be the smallest heading in your paper Indented Italicized Only place an uppercase letter at the first word of the heading. The Results section summarizes your data.
References page in APA format D. You only have a few sentences to share the summary of your entire document, so be direct with your wording. We think not! Draw conclusions and support how your data led to these conclusions.
When writing with a passive voice, the subject receives the action. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary. Do not use titles Dr. If you choose to create a table, discuss it very briefly in the text. Here are a few pointers to keep in mind: Choose to type out your data OR create a table.
This will keep the paper length shorter and more concise. Example: Figure 1, Figure 2, Table 1, Figure 3. You can also include keyword strings that you think readers will type into the search box. The title should be centered on the page and typed in point, Times New Roman font. A title.
For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Most scientific papers follow this format: Start with the Running head. Title of resource. Level 4: Should be a bit smaller than Level 3 Indented in from the left margin Bolded Italicized Only place an uppercase letter at the first word of the heading. General format.
Title pages The title page, or APA format cover page, is the first page of a paper or essay.
This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. You should use a clear font that is highly readable.
If you need to further explain something, or include an APA format citation, place it in a note below the table. Begin a new section with the Results.