The word order in this seanfhocal is not the usual verb--subject--predicate, but verb--predicate--subject. This is because the copula, i. For example, in this case the predicate, 'a good mirror', is not specific. It does not tell the reader exactly which mirror is being discussed.
Like many proverbs, this one is a metaphor, so it can be any good mirror. Since the predicate is indefinite, and the verb is the copula, then the "classification" rule for the copula requires that the predicate precedes the subject. All forms of the copula with indefinite predicates put the predicate before the subject. On the other hand, when the copula is used with a definite predicate then the usual Irish word order applies. A friend is known in hardship.
Note: Unlike a "fair weather friend" who is no real friend at all , a true friend is one who stands by you in hard times. Note also: If the verb tense here strikes you as being unfamiliar, it is the ever popular independent form of the present habitual.
Two people shorten a road. Note: The Irish are a deeply communal people. If a trip is necessary, be it long or short, it is always preferable to have companionship. Note also: The Irish word "beirt" refers to "two people". The Irish language uses personal numbers to designate from one to ten persons and sometimes twelve.
When counting people these special numbers must be used. The common numbers which are used to count mere things are not acceptable! The people encounter one another, but the hills never meet nor the mountains. Note: This is a bit ironic.
The hills have all of the time in the world and spend their entire existence in sight of one another, but never get to consort with their own kind. Although we mere mortals may have our days numbered, we can pass them in the warmth of one another's company. The people live in one another's shadows. Human beings are by nature communal, and what happens to one member affects each member of the community.
Although this relationship is not a physical manifestation of nature and can be as ephemeral as a shadow, its strenght and power are pervasive and profound.
It does not get worse than a dear son that pleases himself. Note: There is nothing so exasperating to parents then to have their wishes ignored by a beloved child. Parents want the best for their children. They want their children to benefit from their experience in the harsh realities of life. They want them to go to the right schools.
They want them to enter the right profession. Then they want to kill them when they demonstrate a mind of their own. There is little play on words in the Irish of this proverb. Literally, this proverbs means, "His own council for a dear son and it never got worse. Of course, from a parent's perspective, this is the worst advise he could get. He who takes his own council has a fool for a councilor. A black hen often has a white egg. Note: This week's proverb is a little tongue in cheek. Of course, a black hen always lays a white egg.
There is a similar Spanish proverb, "Tierra negra buen pan lleva. Perhaps the closest English aphorism comes from Thomas Paine, "Whenever we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary. Proverbs need not be consistent. Heredity breaks out in the eyes of the cat. In contrast to all these, this week's proverb makes the point that virtuous people can spring forth from un-virtuous ancestors.
They had a son they named Lugh. Young Lugh went to Tara to join the warriors. He so impressed the king with his diverse skills as a warrior, poet, and artisan that Nuadhu gave Lugh command of his army. Noble Lugh confronted his evil grandfather at Moytirra in County Sligo. Balor only opened his evil eye in battle. Anyone who looked into it was destroyed.
Before Balor could train his evil eye on him, Lugh hit the eye with a stone from his sling. It turned Balor's eye inward, immediately killing him, winning the battle and the war. A house without a woman is empty [and] cold. Note: This is not to be confused with the English aphorism, "A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle". The word "man" does not appear in this week's seanfhocal. It is more a recognition that in Ireland women, traditionally, run the house.
It would be an anomaly for a house to be without one. Without one, the turf fire might go out. Without one, the furniture might not exist. Without one, the groceries might not be gotten. Without one, the house would, indeed, be a cold and empty place. Note also: This week's seanfhocal has two successive adjectives without a comma and without a conjunction like 'and', 'but' or 'or' between them.
However, in Irish, it is actually good form. This is especially true if you want to emphasize something by repeating adjectives that are synonyms, e.
It was small little. The redundancy would be considered poor style in English. Perhaps this proscription is an expression of British reserve. On the other hand, in Irish, some traits are worth repeating. A little kinship is better than a lot of charity. Note: Charles Dickens wrote, "But charity begins at home, and justice begins next door" Martin Chuzzelwit John Ray wrote down the English proverb equivalent to this seanfhocal in his opus English Proverbs , "Blood is thicker than water.
If anyone does not provide for his own relatives and especially for members of his immediate family; he has denied the faith; he is worse than an unbeliever. Maybe Timothy brought this idea directly to the ancient Irish. Timothy ministered to the Ephesians. Ephesus was a city on the Aegean coast of modern Turkey.
It was at the edge of an ancient Celtic community centered around what is now the city of Ankara. Praise the child and you praise the mother. Note: So, the mother gets all of the credit when the child turns out well. Presumably fathers are entitled to all of the fault when children go bad. The mother sides with the son, and the daughter with the father. Note: This is a reference to the alleged tendency of Irish mothers to dote over their sons.
It is even felt in some quarters that this tendency still prevails in Irish American families! Likewise, the seanfhocal notes a daughter's likelihood to side with her father. It is interesting to note that the seanfhocal speaks in terms of females, the mother and daughter. No mention is made of how the males behave in such situations, or even if the males are aware that such interpersonal dynamics exist. There tends to be a black sheep even in the whitest flock.
Note: This seanfhocal brings to mind the familiar expression: "There's one in every crowd". It also softens the concept of someone as being "the black sheep of the family", since it implies that every family has one if not several.
There's no sore ass like your own sore ass. In his defense he noted that this is the most popularly known mock seanfhocal in Ireland. From a soldiers' folklore song, the phrase was most notably used by U. General Douglas MacArthur — in his farewell address to the Congress. They really seemed to appreciate the vast, different types of knowledge that I have. Be it graphic design, or technology, or web work, they were very interested in my full amount of knowledge. So she, the educated woman, was forced to do manual work for whites she was more intelligent than.
Such was the injustice of the times. Levy, here, writes from a position of experience; she writes about what she knows, and she does it very well.
Writing can be a struggle. Come on, think about it. You know how to put a reasonable piece of content together. The killer is starting. You get bouts of blank page syndrome, where you stare at the screen and type out a few sentences before hitting delete. You have a stack of half-finished posts because you never hit the groove while writing them.
If you could just sit down, put your fingers to the keyboard and write … well. That would be heaven. First step: Find the time I bet this sounds familiar to some of you: You get an idea, sit down to write, start that first sentence … and your kid hollers at you.
So we're much more likely now to be penalized for whatever we're assumed not to have. We're much more likely to find that whatever little genetic thing that's discovered is going to be used against us. The adaptation's libretto and musical score combine African-American spirituals , soul , rock and roll , and folk music into rounds to be performed by singers sitting in a circle.
The adaptation was published by Abrams ComicsArts on January 10, King's Macro Ventures, alongside writer Victoria Mahoney.
The consonant 'b' is always eclipsed by the consonant 'm'. The copula is never followed immediately by a definite noun. The remaking of the human[ edit ] In his essay on the sociobiological backgrounds of Butler's Xenogenesis trilogy, J. The sandpiper can not attend to the two beaches ebb-tides.
Note also: This proverb is also a word-play on the genitive case. The correct pronoun must separate them. Professionals in any field develop a warm-up routine. The more you read, the more you realise that there is so much more you need to read. Frost lived in New Hampshire where the fences are like those of Ireland, made over a long period of time from rocks without mortar.
May his evil hooves crush your spine as he picks apples to lure your friends and relations to join you.
If you have been using websites then you may have a problem as they might not provide a reference section for you to copy. Note: There is another variation to this week's proverb.