It also attempts to explore possible answers to some important questions. For instance, what are the other available options for Pakistan to meet its energy requirements?
Is the cost-benefits analysis of the project in favour of Pakistan? What political and diplomatic measures should Pakistan undertake to counter negative implications of opting for IP Gas Pipeline?
Iran signed a preliminary agreement with Pakistan in Later on, Iran suggested to extend the pipeline from Pakistan into India and signed in February a preliminary agreement with India as well. Pakistan, India and Iran held several meetings and agreed on price and other related issues. In August , Iran invited Bangladesh to join the project Kabir, In , India signed a nuclear deal with US and next year it withdrew from the project on the pretext of over pricing and security issues Haider, In January , the United States asked Pakistan to abandon the pipeline project.
As per agreement each country was to lay its section of pipeline by the end of Anwar, In July , Iran announced that it has completed construction of its section Javaid, There is no doubt that Pakistan and Iran are committed to this project and have rejected US pressure not to undertake this project.
It has been decided that Tadbir, the Iranian Company will construct the pipeline at the cost of Rs. Iran has already completed the construction of pipeline in its territory. It was hoped that the gas would be available to Pakistan by the end of Natural gas is the fastest growing primary energy source globally. Consumption of natural gas is projected to increase by nearly 70 percent between and , with the most vigorous growth in demand expected among the emerging economies.
Consumption of natural gas worldwide would increase in the forecast by an average of 2. The electric power sector accounts for almost one-half of the total incremental growth in worldwide natural gas demand over the forecast period. South Asia is important to world energy markets because it contains 1. Economic and population growth in South Asia have resulted in rapid increase in energy consumption in recent years. The major energy issues facing South Asian nations today are keeping up with rapidly rising energy demand.
Energy consumption in South Asian countries has doubled in as compared to the energy consumption in Pakistan is looking to increase its gas production to support increasing consumption through pipelines from Iran and Turkmenistan Natural Gas, After Brazil and Argentina, Pakistan ranks third in the world for use of natural gas as a motor fuel.
In addition, Pakistan hopes to make gas the fuel of choice for future electric power generation projects. Pakistan ambitiously seeks to increase oil production through new alliances with foreign companies. The country has been facing power shortages since and the energy managers have failed in tackling the issue. It reflects that there is an urgent need to take some corrective measures for increasing energy generation, conservation of energy and reducing transmission losses.
Pakistan has 18 Giga Watts GW of electric generating capacity. Thermal plants using oil, natural gas, and coal account for about 70 percent of this capacity, with hydroelectricity hydro making up 28 percent and nuclear 2. In these circumstances, Pakistan is actively seeking a multitude of diverse sources to meet its rapidly growing energy requirements, including import of Liquefied Natural Gas LNG and Liquid Petroleum Gas LPG , the TAPI Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India project, and import of electricity from Central Asia and possibly from India, and greater exploitation of indigenous hydel, natural gas and coal resources.
Pakistan has earmarked the potential gas supply from the IP pipeline exclusively for generation of approximately 4, megawatts MW of electricity. Currently, the country is facing a power shortfall of approximately 5,, MW, which peaked last year at around 7, MW. Under the prevailing situation, it appears that the gas from Iran via the IP pipeline can be helpful in clearing the existing power shortfall.
Similarly, it can do so at a significantly reduced generation cost from the current fuel mix which is skewed towards furnace oil and diesel. It is also argued that the direct economic cost to Pakistan emanating from the energy crisis amounts annually to around three to four percent of GDP. However, the broader macroeconomic collateral costs are substantial too, and include a decline in employment levels, lower incomes, lower government revenue, a decline in export orders, drastically lower fixed investment levels, and greater fragility of the banking system Sherani, In addition, the persistent energy shortfall has burdened public finances through the provision of heavy subsidies via the budget, amounting cumulatively in the past five years to approximately Rs 1.
The build-up and persistence of the inter-enterprise circular debt in the energy sector has sapped the financial strength of energy companies, severely curtailed their operations and profitability, and drastically reduced new investment in upstream exploration and production activities, and in downstream projects such as installation of new generation capacity.
Another important motivation for Pakistan to actively pursue the IP gas pipeline could include a strategic diversification of its energy sources Sherani, Far past few years, Pakistan is facing a serious energy crisis, but unfortunately no worthwhile steps have been taken to install new capacity for generation of the required energy sources. In order to meet its energy requirement, there are various options which Pakistan may consider.
It is a contiguous country with long common borders with Pakistan. Both countries have long-standing commitment on IP gas pipeline. Furthermore, Pakistan has moved closer to build the gas pipeline to import Iranian gas to meet its energy needs. It has taken nearly two decades to reach at this stage which was not an easy journey. Pakistan has faced external pressures and internal dissent over connecting its industry and households to the Iranian gas fields Rais, It is the shortest pipeline of km that Pakistan may have.
About km of the pipeline would be through Afghanistan. With the launch of this project, all the countries involved, especially Pakistan and India, will gain economic benefits, and eventually political stability will be achieved and this will improve the security in Afghanistan.
There are several geopolitical impediments such as security of pipeline in Afghanistan and concerns of Russia. At least to security personnel would be needed to provide security to TAP. Essay writing tips.
Country Quiz. Human Body MCQs. The TAPI gas pipeline planned from Turkmenistan to India, by way of Afghanistan and Pakistan, will be a litmus test for the appeal of positive economics over set … Is the Afghan war about an oil pipeline?
HBL has an extensive network of branches in Pakistan and 55 international branches that makes it one of the largest banks in Pakistan today. Posted on Wednesday, October 19, PM. Get help with your writing. Lahore smog: It's not a natural phenomenon - Pakistan CNG is a much cleaner fuel. All we have to do is make it available and the problem of smog will reduce. Yet, young men and women are found puffing a cigarette and throwing out smoke at sap bw functional consultant resume cnd the.
Introduction A. Tapi gas pipeline essay about myself how to lay out a dissertation proposal dowry system essay in english pdf essay history other music for essay writing pdf, juana. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here.. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.
The report highlighted benefits of the pipeline to Pakistan, India and Iran. Khaledi, in a letter to the Pakistan government expressed concern over the delay in the start of the Pakistani portion of the pipeline. He said that after a government-to-government agreement between the two countries, they were supposed to select entities for the construction of the latter part of the pipeline.
Pakistan still hasn't officially nominated Tadbir Energy and local sub-contractors to begin work on the Pakistani half of the pipeline. The premier also stated that his government is planning to commit to the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline project as well.
The Pakistani Officials assured their Iranian counterparts that project would continue despite "external pressure". Pakistan will face the penalty if it failed to lay its side of pipeline till December Analysts however points at Saudi Arabia 's pressure to not to carry out the project.
While the Iranian section of the pipeline has been completed, the Pakistani section remains under construction and subject to renewed delays thanks to concerns about the US sanctions regime   Controversies[ edit ] In January , the United States asked Pakistan to abandon the pipeline project. If canceling the project, Pakistan would receive assistance from the United States for construction of a liquefied natural gas terminal and importing electricity from Tajikistan through Afghanistan 's Wakhan Corridor.
On 29 March it was reported that officials from Pakistan's petroleum ministry would travel to Russia in early April for talks with Gazprom.Pachauri proposed the plan to both Iranian and Indian governments in. The government of Iran responded positively to the proposal. At the annual conference of the International Association of Energy EconomicsArdekani backed Pachauri's proposal. This agreement foresaw construction of a pipeline from South Pars gas field to Karachi in Pakistan.
.Thermal plants using oil, natural gas, and coal account for about 70 percent of this capacity, with hydroelectricity hydro making up 28 percent and nuclear 2. By Karenna Gore The possibility of extension of TAPI and IP to China and Bangladesh provide opportunities to Pakistan to get transit fee and turn its fragile economy into transit economy. A gas flow of
Similarly, imposition of economic sanctions could lead to poor law and order situation which may cause disruption in withdrawal of NATO hardware through this county Kazmi, What political and diplomatic measures should Pakistan undertake to counter negative implications of opting for IP Gas Pipeline? Limited is responsible for the construction of the pipeline.
Economic and population growth in South Asia have resulted in rapid increase in energy consumption in recent years.
If canceling the project, Pakistan would receive assistance from the United States for construction of a liquefied natural gas terminal and importing electricity from Tajikistan through Afghanistan 's Wakhan Corridor. Weekly Pulse.