The two concentrated on intuition and human nature and formed a revolt against previously accepted ideas such as Calvinist orthodoxy, strict Puritan attitudes, ritualism, and the dogmatic theology of religious institutions. Transcendentalism is a term rooted back to Plato, a Greek philosopher who first affirmed the existence of absolute goodness, which he characterized as beyond something of description and as knowable only through intuition Transcendentalist writing had to do with the human sprit and its connection to nature.
Transcendentalist thinkers believed that all things that occurred in nature were supposed to happen Anti-Transcendentalists also have important elements that are generally agreed on: man is born with the stain of the original sin, man is the most destructive force in nature, one can only find God through good works and life experience. There are no Universal truths just individual truths, and there is no oversoul pool just Heaven and Hell.
These keynotes in each philosophy are essential in understanding the foundation of both these beliefs One of Transcendentalists essential beliefs is that man is born essentially good. This is contrary to the belief of anti-Transcendentalists who believes that man is born essentially bad with the stain of the original sin, the sin of Adam and Eve, on their soul.
Transcendentalists however believe sins are not passes down from generation to generation. Melville portrays both Ishmael and Ahab as transcendentalists, but goes on to show that such an ideology cannot sustain them. The two seek an absolute truth: Ishmael tries to unravel the mysteries of Ahab, whom he can never truly know, and Ahab pursues a whale he can never catch.
Ishmael may try to justify his fascination with facts, but he can never reconcile these figures with the supernatural. Melville pits man against nature in Moby-Dick, and in such an environment, there can be no creation, only destruction. With Ahab, Melville shows that destruction is inherent not only in nature, but also in mankind.
It is not until the epilogue that the focus of the cyclical symbolism shifts from Ahab to Ishmael, if only for a brief moment as the novel comes to an end. A choice was made not to rebel, and so consequently Ahab and the crew of the Pequod had to face destruction, yet Ishmael was spared. In doing so, however, Ahab attempts to remove any responsibility for his own fate and for the fate of his crew from himself, choosing to ignore all the warnings and bad omens he receives in his final days aboard the Pequod.
However, it is in this way that Ishmael differs from Ahab at the end of the novel; he, too, could choose to try to attribute some sort of meaning to his life by chasing after his own death, but instead, he breaks the cycle by not taking the path that is set up for him—that is, the cycle of the rise and fall of power within a supposed democracy.
Unlike Ahab, Ishmael does take responsibility and is therefore able to change his fate; he does not become self-aggrandizing as Ahab does, but instead goes on to document the events of Moby-Dick—as though it is his duty to tell the story—and in doing so becomes a vessel for the anti-transcendentalist cautionary tale.
Transcendentalism is a belief that the human spirit and the relationship between nature and its connection is humanity, while Anti-Transcendentalism focused on the potential of people doing bad things. The Transcendentalism movement was the mainstream flow of writers in the New England Renaissance, large in part to it affected all of the scholars of the period. Hence all humans must strive to live a life without sin, and as perfect as possible to relieve themselves of If they sees that a tree is violet, they will paint it violet. Here, Emerson does not believe in conformity. Melville pits man against nature in Moby-Dick, and in such an environment, there can be no creation, only destruction.
OnCivil Disobedience is arguably the most important essay written in the last Hawthorne and Melville are considered two of the greater fiction writer of their time and together these prescient scholars pertinaciously stood up, as opposition to what they felt was impractical perspective.
He acts as an omniscient third-person observer, and so the break of the repetitive cycle of the narrative comes at the price of his own disappearance from the story.
Its chief aficionado, Ralph Waldo Emerson, began the movement by meeting regularly with other intellectuals of the time to discuss a various array of topics. From Family Correspondence of Herman Melville. If early American transcendentalists were living among civilians today, would present day civilians think the earlier activists were radical and psychotic
During the early nineteenth century, Ralph Emerson, Henry Thoreau, and other radical individuals challenged the present day theories of values, ethics, and what it means to live life to the fullest Timko. By means of Ishmael, Melville does not deny the necessity of individuality to a democracy, but rather warns against allowing any one person to have so much faith in his own willfulness that it grants him enough control to overshadow the identities of his subordinates, as Ahab does with his crew. This is the underlying theme in the majority of transcendentalistessays and papers—all of which are. Perhaps, then, Melville pens a cautionary tale as a response to the transcendentalist ideas that were prevalent among American thinkers and writers in the first half of the nineteenth century and which he may have perceived as a threat to democratic ideals. After the epilogue, Ishmael must fade into obscurity again in order to break another, more chaotic cycle in which revolution and destruction—both of which will result in a continuation of the cycle—are the only two options should it be allowed to reach its conclusion.