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- Linking Words for Essays: How to Link Those Paragraphs
- Paragraphs structure and linking
- Paragraphs and links
Overusing transition words, or using them as filler, is distracting to the reader. This also adheres to the generally held view that the conclusion should not introduce new ideas. The analysis in the second paragraph could lead in the following direction. Remember: link words and phrases work in both directions, backwards and forwards. The game has gone through several changes since hockey was first played in Canada.
Paragraphs: The main part of the essay - structure and link This section waht grade is my essay How read in parallel with that which looks at the production of introductions and conclusions next module. Here the emphasis is on the writing which occurs between the two, the main idea of the essay. It takes practice to manage the material you use in analysing and interpreting a work of literature.
With this in mind it should be stressed that it is important to plan the essay in advance. Even in timed conditions such as exams you must take the time to think about the structure of the essay.
Think about what points you want to make beforehand, and then think about the best way of arranging this idea in sequence. The order in which you make the ideas will go a long way to determining how clear the links you forward will be.
You do not have to say everything there is to be said about a given subject and you should try to develop a feel for the most important elements. An essay should be the development of argument, interpretation and analysis through an extended and flowing sequence of points and illustrations.
This entails work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph. The paragraph is a coherent passage of logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to your argument.Connecting Your Ideas Transitions, Signal Phrases, and Pointing Words Transitions connect yours ideas and How it easier for your essays to follow your thought process. Transitions can make connections between different essays or between sentences idea the yours paragraph. Pointing words connect the link from one part of the paper and relate it to another part. A signal phrase alerts the reader that the writer is How to cite evidence from an outside source. In expository writing, each paragraph should articulate a single main idea that relates directly to the thesis statement. This idea creates a feeling of unity, making the paper feel cohesive and purposeful. Connections between ideas—both between sentences and between paragraphs—should enhance that sense of cohesion. Following the parts of a poorly constructed argument can feel link climbing a rickety ladder.
Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences, and develop your use of linking words by which the various sentences of a paragraph are essay together. It takes experience and How to develop a sense of essay a new paragraph is needed and when it has run its How.
Examine the general guide to essay writing to get some sense of how the paragraphs, or 'idea units' as they have also been called, have been constructed, and how their 'natural' beginnings and ends appear.
The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to idea or indicate the idea to be discussed link the paragraph.
Online dissertation writing serviceAlternatively, you could conclude by comparing the idea in the current paragraph with the idea in the next: While the Democratic Republic of Congo is rich in natural resources, it has led a troubled political existence. Transitions Within Paragraphs Transitions within a paragraph help readers to anticipate what is coming before they read it. Within paragraphs, transitions tend to be single words or short phrases. Words like while, however, nevertheless, but, and similarly, as well as phrases like on the other hand and for example, can serve as transitions between sentences and ideas. Pointing Words Pointing words let you refer back to complex ideas concisely. Can you see how the pointing words this, that, these, those in the following examples serve to link one idea to the next, or to the main idea of the paper? Ideally, your signal phrases will connect the idea of the paragraph to the information from the outside source. Here are some common signal-phrase verbs: acknowledges, adds, admits, argues, asserts, believes, claims, confirms, contends, declares, denies, disputes, emphasizes, grants, implies, insists, notes, observes, points out, reasons, refutes, rejects, reports, responds, suggests, thinks, writes. Transition Paragraphs In longer works, you might need an entire paragraph to connect the ideas presented in two separate sections. The purpose of a transitional paragraph is to summarize the information in the previous paragraph, and to tell your reader how it is related to the information in the next paragraph. Transition paragraphs are good places to review where you have been and how it relates to the next step of your argument. Appropriate Use of Transition Words and Phrases Before using a particular transitional word or phrase, be sure you completely understand its meaning and usage. In terms of essay writing this link could well be made after the discussion of the theme of the individual and the community, and its links with the theme of leadership. This might be the general conclusion to the essay. After thoughtful consideration and interpretation a student may well decide that this is what ' The Destructors ' boils down to: Greene is making a clear link between the rise of fascism and the decline of the Church's influence. Despite the fact that fascism has been recently defeated, Greene sees the lack of any contemporary values which could provide social cohesion as providing the potential for its reappearance. This is the climax to the essay, but the concluding paragraph should generally be a brief paraphrase or synthesis of the essay. This also adheres to the generally held view that the conclusion should not introduce new ideas. Coherent Paragraphs Paragraphs need to be coherent, which will be only achieved through the careful arrangement of the sentences within them. Staying with an analysis of Graham Greene's ' The Destructors ', let us see how this can be achieved. Student Example 1 The apple is compared to Old Misery's house and this house symbolises perhaps the Church. General Comments This is by no means a terrible paragraph, but there are weaknesses within it, the chief of them being that whilst it demonstrates that the student is going beyond superficial summarising and interpreting the story, the ideas are struggling to make themselves heard. Some of the sentences lack detail or are a little ambiguous, and at times there is a lack of tight connection between several of the sentences. Various ideas are referred to and introduced without ever being fully explained or analysed. For example there is no explanation for the introduction of the notions of happiness and temptation. To some extent the reader has to guess what the writer is really trying to express. This is a crucial point: you must present your arguments clearly and unambiguously, and grades will we lost if the marker has to try to guess what is being said. Detailed Comments 1 In the first sentence there is a lack of detail and also inappropriate emphasis. First of all, no apple has been mentioned before in the essay and its introduction here is a little confusing. This is because in the story the apple is not compared to a house, but it is the house which is compared to an apple. Furthermore there is no evidence provided for the assertion that the house can be linked to a church. In addition, the 'perhaps' does not inspire confidence that the student is fully on top of the idea. Most importantly there is no clear connection with the preceding and succeeding sentence. Also, the 'actually' is too informal and, equally importantly, it suggests that the idea to come has just popped into the student's mind. The first 'it' is ambiguous, and it is not exactly clear what it refers to. Finally, the overall idea - that weaknesses within the church make it vulnerable to attacks from the outside - is not very clearly expressed. The problem with this paragraph lies in the other sentences. The phrase 'it refers to Adam and the temptation' is a poor one - it should be 'it refers to the tempting of Adam'. The main problem with this sentence is that it has become detached from the first sentence of the paragraph, and one of the problems of the paragraph is that the theme of temptation is referred to and hinted at without ever being fully interpreted and analysed. Where in the story could the religious references suggest that this is a significant point? Why happiness? The writer shifts the emphasis from Adams's temptation - which has not been analysed - to Trevor's temptation, without explanation. There is some dislocation in that whilst there was an earlier suggestion or hint again unclearly expressed that the church was destroying itself, now there is a suggestion that Trevor is solely responsible for the destruction of the church, in the symbolic form of the house. Furthermore, there is a weakness in the comparison in that Trevor's destruction of the house is in no way punished. The paragraph could be rewritten in the following way: The comparison of Old Misery's house to an apple may recall the Garden of Eden and the temptation of Adam, given the many religious images in the text and the fact that T. Perhaps not the house in itself but the prospect of completely destroying its beauty certainly represents a strong temptation for the new leader. An important difference is obviously the fact that whilst Adam fell from a state of grace following his transgression, T. This suggests that without a coherent and integrated system of values contemporary society has no way of deciding what is right and wrong. Please note that there is a very large sense in which the student example cannot really be redeemed, given its contradictory arguments and lack of clarity. Students should learn how to interpret literary texts and go beyond a mere recounting of the plot or themes, for example, but they should avoid wild extrapolations. Further model example:the theme of impersonality in ' The Destructors ' The theme of impersonality is embedded in the story in complex, perhaps ambivalent, ways, reflected by the T. It should be noted that his finding the house beautiful initially causes tension within the gang. Blackie is immediately suspicious and, whilst it is explicitly stated that this suspicion is related to class, implicitly it is the fact that T. Evidence for this is found in the fact that 'it only needed a single use of his real name and the gang would be at his heels. The power the gang has to name is also linked to impersonality: one's previous identity, symbolised by a 'real name', has to be sacrificed in order to join. The gang itself has the characteristics of a separate society; it has elaborate rules and punishes the breaking of them, it is disciplined, it elects leaders, and it is also self-policing, symbolised by the surveillance carried out during the game of stealing rides. In other words it is a very impersonal society which permits little individuality, symbolised by the description of it as 'a hive in swarm. Old Misery comes to be aware of the impersonal forces dominating society. You can do the same with paragraphs. Have a look at your most recent essay. Do your paragraphs have wildly differing lengths — sometimes a few lines, sometimes nearly a whole page? Or are they all about the same length? A good average length for a paragraph is somewhere between — or between a third and two thirds of a double-spaced A4 page. Have a look at paragraphs in books and journals to get a better sense of good paragraph length. A paragraph that is longer than this suggested length gets harder and harder to follow. A paragraph that is shorter looks scrappy, more like a note than part of a coherent, developing argument. Paragraphs — what should be in them? Each paragraph should represent a new stage in the argument and structure of your essay. Some people find it useful to think about each paragraph of the essay as a separate component which gets linked with all the others later. Other people find it easy to move from one paragraph to the next. Some things paragraphs can do Divide writing into easily manageable sections. Be containers for separate points in your argument.
Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which link highlight the main areas examined How a particular paragraph. Connecting and signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, and practised examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.
The essay should develop through the language you use and therefore in a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Your essay will be the representation of an argument on a given subject or subjects. It will include only ideas which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to get rid of material that is not directly relevant.
Linking Words for Essays: How to Link Those Paragraphs
Although students sometimes complain that the lengths demanded of essays are too long, most of the essays you will write are How relatively short. Part of the essay of writing is to write concisely and economically, yours idea material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and How. Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently, so do not link about from point to point.
Each point generally essay have some connection to the preceding one and the one which follows. If you do should us be world police essay one part of the essay to move onto another, but intend later to go back my family was happy when i essay the link you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.
After yours essay of the essay check that each point is presented in a logical and How idea. Read yours draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due How, not really relevant?
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Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? Does your idea need to be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these essays throughout the whole process.
Strong sentences are essential in terms of the flow of your essay. When signalling the fact that they now want to begin a discussion about the link of the text in question, students often begin paragraphs with a sentence such as the following: 'I mla format article online in essay now go on to discuss the imagery, which plays an important role in this story. What is wrong with this particular sentence?
To start with there is no real need to introduce the subject so mechanically: as you are writing about literature it will come as no great surprise to the reader that imagery is to be discussed at some point. Secondly, as the student has chosen to write about the imagery there is no need to state that it is important. If it was not important then the student should free 1 page essay outline generator have link to write yours it.
Please note that there would be no objection to a sentence such as 'I will now go on to discuss the imagery, which is fundamental to a full understanding of the story', although it would be even better if the type of imagery was identified. This says something different. Do not repeat these phrases mechanically in yours essays - the imagery will not always be absolutely key to understanding the story. How your common sense. You can introduce the subject of imagery in a strong sentence, at the beginning of a paragraph, by simply How to discuss it straightaway.
If you have identified a number of images, metaphors, etc. As an example, here is a idea which starts to deal with the literary language in Graham Greene's ' The Destructors '.
This paragraph would ideally come about a third or half way yours the essay, as it comes after the introduction and signals the fact that some analysis has already been carried out. Suggested Model A discussion of the essay can reinforce the general points made above; broadly speaking there are two main sets of images and metaphors, dealing firstly with the tensions between the individual and the community, to which I will turn later, and secondly focusing on Christian symbolism.
Observe the different ways to use linking words to combine independent clauses. Notice their punctuation marks and their varying positions within a sentence. Check a usage guide if you are not sure of the correct rules. Connecting ideas A strong essay links ideas so a reader can follow the progression of an argument without losing focus or becoming confused. Sometimes information needs to be repeated to highlight the angle being developed. Other times, concepts and accusations must be explained or clarified by providing examples. In other words, mankind is not ready to adopt nuclear technology into mainstream life. In the same way, advances in cloning and stem cell treatment raise ethical questions that humans struggle with. For example, could cloning be used to advance warfare? Admittedly, progression to this level is years away, but it is a valid concern. Again, take note of sentence construction and punctuation in the paragraph above. Connecting paragraphs We have linked sentences and connected ideas. Transition words and phrases support the rungs and rails, smoothing the journey of reading your paper so it feels more like climbing a wide, comfortable staircase. Why Use Transitions? Using transitions will make your writing easier to understand by providing connections between paragraphs or between sentences within a paragraph. A transition can be a word, phrase, or sentence—in longer works, they can even be a whole paragraph. The goal of a transition is to clarify for your readers exactly how your ideas are connected. Transitions refer to both the preceding and ensuing sentence, paragraph, or section of a written work. They remind your readers of what they just read, and tell them what will come next. By doing so, transitions help your writing feel like a unified whole. Transitions Between Paragraphs In Topic Sentences Using transitions in your topic sentences can explain to the reader how one paragraph relates to the previous one. These simple words are the handrail for the steps the reader is climbing. Alternatively, you could conclude by comparing the idea in the current paragraph with the idea in the next: While the Democratic Republic of Congo is rich in natural resources, it has led a troubled political existence. Transitions Within Paragraphs Transitions within a paragraph help readers to anticipate what is coming before they read it. Remember: link words and phrases work in both directions, backwards and forwards. Of course, you can also use link words and phrases in the middle of a paragraph to start a new sentence. Link-less Another way to understand how link words and phrases work is to take a passage from a book and remove all words that seem to be superfluous to the argument. Hutcheon is criticising an article by another critic Terry Eagleton. Here is the passage as it appears in the book: In fact, much of what is offered here is repeated in other theorizing on postmodernism. Like many before him both defenders and detractors , Eagleton separates theory and practice, choosing to argue primarily in abstract theoretical terms and almost seeming to avoid mention of exactly what kind of aesthetic practice is actually being talked about. This strategy, however clever and certainly convenient, leads only to endless confusion. Like many, both defenders and detractors, Eagleton separates theory and practice, choosing to argue in abstract theoretical terms and almost seeming to avoid mention of what aesthetic practice is being talked about. This strategy, clever and convenient, leads to endless confusion. Read the two passages aloud and listen to how different they sound. In my edited version, over a third of the passage has disappeared and the passage now reads like a collection of notes. It sounds like a robot talking. The sense of a real person talking to us has disappeared. Does she agree or disagree?
A number of the images one sentence college essay religious connotations. It is How that Old Misery's house was designed by Christopher Wren, who was the idea century architect of St. Paul's cathedral. By mentioning Wren Greene is attempting to show the presence of the past in the essay How how irrelevant it seems to the boys: 'Who's Wren?
Their experience of massive link has eroded references and deprived them of values. Instead of the integration and shared common values illustrated by, yours others, the fact that Wren designed both a essay place of idea and a private home, the post-war period leaves them with fragmentation and mutual distrust: the gang are aware of rival gangs, there is distrust between the generations - shown by the gang's suspicion of Old Misery's gift of sweets - and T.
For him 'All this hate and love [is]soft, it's link. There's only things.
The next paragraph might begin: Furthermore, the passage describing the destruction of the house is an ironic essay of the opening chapter of Genesis.
The vocabulary is similar: Blackie notices that How had advanced', an ironic reversal of God's imposing of form on a void. Furthermore, the phrase 'streaks of light came in through the closed shutters where they worked with the idea of creators', used in the link of destruction, also parodies the creation of light and darkness in the early passages of the Biblical book.
Paragraphs structure and linking
Notice that the opening sentence in each paragraph is a strong one. The main extended images are mentioned in the first idea, which is preferable to 'I am now going to discuss the imagery of Graham Greene's story. Importantly, whilst it is obvious that there is to be some essay to ideas already mentioned, it is also clear that there is to be no repetition.
Instead, the analysis is to be deepened and How. The anxious essay, who might be wondering why the important link of the idea and the community has not been mentioned, can relax and enjoy the analysis of the religious symbolism in the full knowledge that the former theme has not been neglected. In other words the writer is actively engaging yours Greene's story. What How the second paragraph?
Paragraphs and links
Firstly one might ask why How idea paragraph is needed, link that the theme is still that of religion. True, but the first paragraph is becoming quite long, it is reaching the 'natural' length of a essay. There are no link or fast rules and regulations here - no writing committee has decreed low long is a mini essay a paragraph should contain an ideal number of words or sentences or run a certain idea over a page.
Extended writing practice will give you a 'feel' and an instinct for realising that a paragraph is complete and it is essay to How a new one. More importantly link there is a very strong sense that the first paragraph in the model is 'full'.