Thus began the fight against the Plessy vs. Ferguson Background After the end of Reconstruction in Southern state legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws to legally segregate the races. In , the Louisiana legislature passed a law requiring railroads to separate passengers on the basis of race.
Trains that had two or more passenger cars were required to have designated seating for different races. If there was only one passenger car in a train, these cars were to be divided by a curtain or some other form of partition. A Plessy v.
What law is the court applying? Plessy v. Ferguson What are the important and relevant faces of the case? Harlan had opposed emancipation and civil rights for freed slaves during the Reconstruction era — but changed his position due to his outrage over the actions of white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan. Ferguson Significance The Plessy v. Intrastate railroads were among many segregated public facilities the verdict sanctioned; others included buses, hotels, theaters, swimming pools and schools.
By the time of the case Cummings v. Board of Education, even Harlan appeared to agree that segregated public schools did not violate the Constitution. It would not be until the landmark case Brown v. Chattel refers to valuable property or investments that can be moved from place to place. The beginning of the end of Reconstruction, however, began with the Hayes-Tilden compromise. As a result of an electoral crisis in the election, Samuel Tilden, a New York Democrat, surrendered his electoral votes to the Republican Rutherford B.
Hayes in exchange for removal of troops from the South. The compromise essentially ended protection for Reconstruction governments and their black constituencies. In this climate, the Plessy ruling would provide a legal framework for further segregation. The Plessy v. Ferguson case involved Homer A. Plessy, a New Orleans mulatto, who was one-eighth black and seven-eighths white, but was classified as African American under Louisiana law. He was arrested in for refusing to leave the white passenger car on the East Louisiana Railway.
Denied that first-class accommodation, Plessy challenged the Louisiana racial segregation law under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments.
Supreme Court.Plessy vs. Ferguson Plessy v. Fergusona very important case of in which the Supreme Court of the United States upheld the legality of racial segregation.
For example if one hundred dollars was spent on white students, only half so Although many people felt that these laws were unjust, was not until the s that they were directly challenged in court. Org mahatma gandhi in which on liberals in dianne feinstein is a dangerous railroad. Homer Plessy , who was seven-eighths white and one-eighth African American, purchased a rail ticket for travel within Louisiana and took a seat in a car reserved for white passengers. Board of education of the mississippi summer, this statement was a volunteer campaign in the plessy vs.
Plessy, and the Jim Crow laws that flourished in the South due to the Supreme Court legitimizing segregation, were not formally discredited until , in Brown v. If there was only one passenger car in a train, these cars were to be divided by a curtain or some other form of partition. Ferguson, Library of Congress. The Suppressed Book about Slavery!