He presented a thesis, Ancient Indian Commerce. Ambedkar was influenced by John Dewey and his work on democracy. In June , he returned to India because his scholarship from Baroda ended. His book collection was dispatched on different ship from the one he was on, and that ship was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine. He returned at the first opportunity, and completed a master's degree in His third and fourth Doctorates LL.
D, Columbia, and D. He was appointed Military Secretary to the Gaikwad but had to quit in a short time.
He described the incident in his autobiography, Waiting for a Visa. He worked as a private tutor, as an accountant, and established an investment consulting business, but it failed when his clients learned that he was an untouchable. Although he was successful with the students, other professors objected to his sharing a drinking-water jug with them. At this hearing, Ambedkar argued for creating separate electorates and reservations for untouchables and other religious communities.
Shahu IV — In , he successfully defended three non-Brahmin leaders who had accused the Brahmin community of ruining India and were then subsequently sued for libel. Dhananjay Keer notes that "The victory was resounding, both socially and individually, for the clients and the Doctor. His first organised attempt was his establishment of the central institution Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha , intended to promote education and socio-economic improvement, as well as the welfare of " outcastes ", at the time referred to as depressed classes.
He began with public movements and marches to open up public drinking water resources. He also began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha in Mahad to fight for the right of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town. On 25 December , he led thousands of followers to burn copies of Manusmrti. About 15, volunteers assembled at Kalaram Temple satygraha making one of the greatest processions of Nashik.
The procession was headed by a military band, a batch of scouts, women and men walked in discipline, order and determination to see the god for the first time. When they reached to gate, the gates were closed by Brahmin authorities. Gandhi fiercely opposed a separate electorate for untouchables, saying he feared that such an arrangement would divide the Hindu community. Following the fast, Congress politicians and activists such as Madan Mohan Malaviya and Palwankar Baloo organised joint meetings with Ambedkar and his supporters at Yerwada.
The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional legislatures, within the general electorate.
Due to the pact, the depressed class received seats in the legislature, instead of the 71 as allocated in the Communal Award earlier proposed by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. He also served as the chairman of Governing body of Ramjas College , University of Delhi, after the death of its founder, Rai Kedarnath.
For the latter research paper he was awarded Ph. With this he became Dr. He went to England to study law , where he also studied Economics and political Science.
He acquired the degree of Barrister at law and also M. He spent his life to fight for the justice, equality and rights of the backward classes. He is the role model for every Indian. Despite all the social and economic drawbacks Babasaheb Ambedkar went on to become the architect of the Indian Constitution. Although, in his early life he was the victim of caste discrimination and untouchability, he fought for his rights and struggled to achieve the heights of success and also became the voice of several victims of caste discrimination and untouchability.
He stood for the rights of marginalized communities including women. He was the spokesperson of untouchables and other backward caste people. He was the defender of the exploited people and made persistent efforts for emancipation of equality from the bonds of caste and religious barriers.
He was the modern Indian civilian who played important role in the overall development and well-being of the people. He also realized the importance of education and influenced the backward classes to get educated and protest against social evils.
He was a jurist, politician, economist, humanitarian, writer, philosopher, and above all a social reformer. He was the first law minister of Independent India. He is a legendary personality in the Indian History and a true hero of our nation. He was the Dalit leader post-independence period of India. He was the representative of Untouchables. It profoundly re-interpreted Buddhism and started a school of Buddhism called Navayana.
The movement is socially and politically connected to and drawn from Buddhism. Ambedkar launched the movement in when nearly half a million Dalits joined him and converted to Navayana Buddhism. They collectively refused to follow Hinduism and contested caste system.
Rights of Dalit communities were promoted. The movement also refused to follow the ideas of traditional, Theravada, Vajrayana, Mahayana which are the sects of Buddhism. New form of Buddhism taught by Babasaheb Ambedkar was pursued. After publishing several articles and books stating that Buddhism was the only way for Dalits to gain equality, on 14th October Ambedkar adopted Buddhism with lakhs of his supporters in a simple ceremony at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur, few weeks before his death.
His conversion gave a new lens to the Dalits suffering caste system in India to view their Identity and redefine their place in the society. His conversion was not impulsive.
He declared that he was born as a Hindu but would not die as one, at a conference held in Nashik. For him, Hinduism had failed to secure human rights and continued caste discrimination.
Conclusion As per Babasaheb, Buddhism directed man to the inward potentiality within inner self and trained mind to act righteously. Bhimrao Ambedkar Essay 3 words Introduction Dr. Ambedkar was a leading activist, economist, jurist, politician and social reformer who stood for the rights of Dalits and lower castes.
He campaigned against social evils like untouchability and caste discrimination. He believed that while efforts for social reform must continue steps should be taken to bring about a change in the attitude of society and departure from the existing norms of behaviour.
Intrinsically this is a slow process but a very essential one. Until this change comes social legislation was necessary to protect the weaker section from social persecution.
The two were supplementary to each other. This, one has to agree, was a very sound approach to the Depressed Classes problems. His love for the Depressed Classes was unbounded. Ambedkar stated: I have not been able to fulfil my mission. I wanted to do more for the Scheduled Castes People, and to see them as a governing class in my life. Whatever I have been able to do, is being enjoyed by the educated people. I now wanted to divert my attention to the uneducated masses, but life seems short.
The second worry to my mind is that I wanted that somebody from the Scheduled Castes should come forward and take the responsibilities from me.He transformed his life, from being a victim of untouchability in childhood to become the highest educated Indian civilian of his times and the architect of Indian constitution. He spent his life to fight for the justice, equality and rights of the backward classes. He is the role model for every Indian. Despite all the social and research paper example pdf drawbacks Babasaheb Ambedkar went on to become the architect of the Indian Constitution.
Several and various kind of chamchas was born in the last fifty years. He had aroused and awakened them against social injustice and installed in them the spirit of self-reform, self-emancipation, self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence. This practice was carried on historically. He spent his life to fight for the justice, equality and rights of the backward classes. This was so far as his programme of the uplift of the Depressed Classes was concerned. He attended the First Round Table Conference held at London and argued that the Depressed Classes should have voting rights and the tight to elect their own leaders.
This exclusion of Ambedkar has to be understood with the implicit politics of the writers on Indian philosophy. He thoroughly explored the Indian traditions and its philosophical systems in a unique way. It is essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards fellowmen.
The Gentile was hatred to the Jews whereas the Hindu is to the untouchables. He understand and managed to tap into the Dalit population as a viable constituently like no other person had done before.